Last Friday September 25th, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged the United Nations to elevate India as a permanent member in the Security Council.
“We must reform the United Nations including its security council so that it carries greater credibility and legitimacy,” Modi stipulated at the UN summit while discussing a 15-year blueprint to eradicate extreme poverty, tackle inequality and combat climate change .
After the UN meeting, the Prime minister hosted a special G-4 summit. The G4 summit includes three other countries, Germany, Brazil and Japan, who are also trying to expand the UN Security Council permanent membership.
“A more representative, legitimate and effective Security Council is needed more than ever to address the global conflicts and crises, which had spiralled in recent years,” the G4 leaders concurred in a joint statement after the summit .
However, the bid for reforms from the G4 is expected to meet resistance from the current permanent members, the local competitors and former enemies of the countries.
After WWII, United Nations was formed as an intergovernmental organization to promote international cooperation. At the time of its establishment, the five great powers, the victorious nations of the war, namely China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, became the permanent members of the Security Council. These five nations were the only countries with veto power, enabling them to prevent the adoption of any substantive draft Council resolution .
Even though the geopolitical realities have changed drastically since the setup of the current Council, the Security Council has changed very little during this long period. The current permanent members shaped the Charter of the United Nations in their national interests and any reform to the Security Council would require their approval.
This news is very important as the success of India will certainly alter the structure of the United Nations and hugely influence the future policies set by the United Nations on various issues such as terrorism, poverty and climate change, sparking changes all around the world. In addition, the inclusion of India other G4 countries will change the diplomatic relation between countries.
by Justin Wong ‘18